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This post is filled with the best things to do in Prague for first time visitors no matter when you plan on visiting Prague Czech Republic.
Prague is a popular tourist destination and a visually stunning city due to the beauty of the art-nouveau buildings, cobbled streets and delicious Czech cuisine making it one a must-see cities in Europe.
I found so many fun things to do in Prague Czech Republic, some of my favourite Prague highlights were walking across the Charles Bridge to explore Lesser Town, Old Town Square, seeing the Easter market and doing a Prague food and beer tour.
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Prague has hundreds of places to visit catering to a wide range of tastes and interests. This guide gives you a “Don’t Miss” list of the top places to visit in Prague and other things to do to in Prague to make sure you have a memorable time in this stunning European city.
Best Things To Do In Prague Czech Republic
This city guide showcases the top things to do in Prague Czech Republic, where you’re there for a weekend city break or a week.
1. Do A Prague Walking Tour
Wondering what do to in Prague Czech Republic? Then a walking tour of the city center should be at the top of your list. Prague is a city rich in history and architecture, and exploring it with a guided tour can help you better understand its culture and stories.
One of best activities to do in Prague is a walking tour. Join a walking tour to navigate the charming streets while learning about the famous landmarks in Prague like Old Town Square, Church of Our Lady Before Týn and Charles Bridge. Opt for a City Walking Tour to cover many popular tourist spots in Prague and even enjoy a traditional Czech lunch.
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3. Sample Czech Cuisine With A Prague Food Tour
If you’re looking for a unique experience in Prague, consider a Prague Food Tour. These tours typically last up to five hours and take you through the city’s culinary scene, providing an authentic Czech gastronomic experience.
You can’t visit Prague without trying out the delicious local cuisine. Read my review on the Prague food tour guide and what traditional Czech foods you should try while visiting Prague like a classic pork knuckle accompanied by sauerkraut and boiled potatoes, delicious Czech dumplings, served with beef goulash.
With a food tour in Prague you also get a city sightseeing Prague walking tour wrapped up in one. Now you don’t have to worry about what to eat in Prague, as you’ll learn about the Czech cuisine. Doing a Prague food tour was one of the highlights of my trip and one of the best things to do in Prague.
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3. Do A Vltava River Boat Cruise
Add a Vltava River cruise to your Prague to do list! The Vltava River, often called Prague’s lifeline, offers a different perspective of the city from the water. Embark on a relaxing boat cruise on the river Vltava to enjoy the picturesque views of iconic attractions in Prague and historical buildings like the Charles Bridge and Prague Castle being some of the best things to see in Prague. For a memorable experience, book a dinner cruise to savour Czech cuisine while revelling in the stunning cityscape.
You can also combine your river cruise with other activities, such as bike rentals or guided walking tours, to make the most of your time in Prague.
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4. Explore Old Town Square (Staroměstské náměstí)
You can’t visit Prague without visiting Old Town Square. Found in the 12th Century the Square has been the backdrop to many historical events.
It is one of the main sites in Prague and where you’ll find many attractions in Prague such as the Astronomical Clock, the Gothic Church of Our Lady Before Týn, the Baroque Church of St Nicholas, Old Town Hall, Rococo Kinsky and the monument to Jan Hus.
Prague’s Old Town Square is home to some of the best things to see in Prague Old Town is also filled with Art Nouveau building, charming cobbled stone side streets and café serving up traditional Czech food.
Visiting the Old Town Square is one of the best things to do in Prague, so I recommend visiting the Old Town Square early in the morning to have it all to yourself and avoid the masses of other tourist taking pictures with their selfie sticks, as the Old Town Square is a one of the many Prague tourist spots.
5. Climb Old Town Hall Tower
Old Town Hall Tower is one of the most famous sights in Prague, connected to the Old Town Hall. Constructed in the early 1400’s and located in Prague Old Town Square. Climbing to the top of the Old Town Hall Tower offers the best view over the Old Town Square. The Town Hall Tower also houses the Astronomical clock. Climbing the bell tower, is one of the coolest activities to do in Prague.
The Old Town Hall Tower Prague entrance fee ranges from 250 CZK to 500 CZK for a family, and offers a variety of options.
6. See The Astronomical Clock (Pražský orloj)
Seeing the Astronomical Clock is one of the top things to do in Prague Old Town Square. The clock dates back to almost 600 years, making it the third oldest astronomical clocks in the world and the oldest one that is still working. The Astronomical Clock is a Prague must see on your visit to this amazing city.
The Astronomical Clock mechanism itself has three main components: the astronomical dial, “The Walk of the Apostles” and a calendar dial with medallions representing the months. The clock is one of the top things to see in Prague Old Town and shows the ‘walk of the Apostles’, which can be seen first at 9:00 am and every hour until 11:00p.
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7. Jan Hus Monument (Pomník Mistra Jana Husa)
Other top thing to see in Prague is the Jan Hus Monument. Jan Hus was burned at the stake in 1415 for opposing Vatican control over the local church, and there is a striking monument to him. The monument to Jan Hus in the centre of the Old Town Square is an impressive memorial commemorating his martyrdom.
There are also benches that line the base of the status that which you can sit on and take in the sites of Prague’s Old Town Square.The Old Town Square homes many of the top tourist attractions in Prague Czech Republic.
8. Walk Across The Charles Bridge (Karlův most)
One of the best things to do in Prague is stroll across the Charles Bridge during the evening. The Charles Bridge is a pedestrian-only bridge that crosses over the Vltava River connecting Old Town with Malá Strana (Lesser Town).
Charles Bridge is Prague’s oldest bridge and was built to replace Judith Bridge which was damaged by flooding in 1342.The Stone, or Prague Bridge, has been called ‘Charles Bridge’ since 1870. The Gothic style bridge is flanked at each end by fortified towers (Lesser Town Bridge Towers, Old Town Bridge Tower) and was reserved for kings to pass under during their coronations.
I would recommend the best time to visit the Charles bridge would be either at early (7:30 am to 9:00 am or 5:00 to 7:00pm) when there are no other, or just a few tourists were crossing the bridge or later in the evening to get a beautiful view of the Prague at night all lit up. Walking across the bridge later in the evening is also very romantic.
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9. Explore Old Town Tower Bridge
The Old Town Bridge Tower is one of the most iconic Gothic structure in the Czech capital which guards one end of the famous Charles Bridge, and heralding entrance to Prague’s Old Town. The Tower was conceived as a symbolic arc de triomphe through which Czech Kings passed on their coronation day through the city center to St Vitus Cathedral in Prague Castle. The tower was commissioned by Emperor Charles IV.
10. Visit Prague Castle
Prague Castle is one of the top tourist attractions in Prague Czech Republic. You can discover the fascinating history of Prague Castle, the largest ancient castle complex in the world. Prague Castle, is a popular tourist attraction and I recommend you visiting it first thing in the morning to avoid the tour buses.
As the Prague castle is one of the prime things to see in Prague and is very popular with tourist. The castle grounds are free explore, but you’ll need to pay to access the Golden Lane. You can also do your own self-guided tour of the Prague castle, following the routes below.There are three types of tickets if you want to tour the different parts of the Castle.
Circuit A | St Vitus Cathedral, Old Royal Palace, exhibition “The Story of Prague Castle “, St. George’s Basilica, Golden Lane with Daliborka Tower, and Rosenberg Palace.
Circuit B | St. Vitus Cathedral, the Old Royal Palace, St. George’s Basilica and the Golden Lane with Daliborka Tower.
Circuit C | Exhibition “The Treasure of St. Vitus Cathedral”, Prague Castle Picture Gallery.
I would give myself around 2 hours to wander around the palace taking in the different building, information and photos. Here is a Prague tourist map. This maps gives you a list of Prague attractions, top things to do in Prague and Prague city tours.
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Address: Prague Castle | St Vitus Cathedral, St Wenceslas and St Adalbert (Katedrála sv. Víta, Václava a Vojtěcha) Pražský hrad – III. Nádvoří 119 00 Praha 1- Hradčany
11. See The Marvellous St. Vitus Cathedral
St Vitus Cathedral is one of best places to visit in Prague. Situated within Prague Castle, the stunning St. Vitus Cathedral is an excellent example of Gothic architecture that also houses the Czech Crown Jewels. Make sure to visit and marvel at its beauty.
This Gothic cathedral, took almost 600 years to complete and is the largest church in Prague. The cathedral’s impressive interior is home to the beautifully decorated St Wenceslas Chapel with the tomb of St Wenceslas, the crypt where Czech kings are buried, and the Crown Chamber, where the Crown Jewels are kept.
12. Golden Lane
This tiny street between the Bílá Tower and the Daliborka Tower is lined with colourful houses and is located in the Prague Castle. The lane was built initially in the 16th century, to house the Prague castle guards, it takes its name from the goldsmiths that lived there in the 17th century.
Although the lane was temporarily called the Street of Alchemists or Alchemists’ Alley, however, alchemists have never worked or lived there. The Golden Lane is a part of the Prague Castle A and B circuits.
13. Wander Mala Strana (Lesser Town)
Crossing Charles Bridge you can explore Mala Strana or more commonly called Lesser Town. This name derives from its position on the left (west) bank of the river Vltava, on the slopes just below the Prague Castle.
Lesser Town is where you’ll find an array of vibrant terracotta rooftops, trams and Art Nouveau buildings. Also, you can hire classic cars to ride around this area in, this is another attraction for tourist in Prague and one of the most unique things to do in Prague New Town. The town was initially called the New Town beneath the Prague Castle.
After Charles IV founded the New Town of Prague in 1348, the town was renamed the Lesser Town of Prague. There is also Prague walking tours of Lesser Town.
14. Infant Jesus of Prague
Aside from its beautiful buildings and rich cultural offerings, Prague is home to an important Roman Catholic symbol the Infant Jesus of Prague. This famous Infant Jesus statue, depicting Jesus as a child, is located in the Church of Our Lady Victorious in the Lesser Quarter.
Pay a visit to this sacred site to witness the devotion of believers and admire the ornate church interior. While there, learn about the history of the statue and its deep-rooted significance within the city’s religious life.
Guided tours, cruises on the Vltava River, and a visit to the Infant Jesus of Prague will make your journey truly unforgettable.
15. Church of Our Lady Before Týn
The Church of Our Lady Before Týn is one of Prague’s most iconic landmarks, with its Gothic spires dominating the city skyline. Aside from its striking exterior, you’ll be amazed by its magnificent interior, featuring stunning stained glass windows and a magnificent baroque altar. This church is a must-visit for anyone interested in architecture, history, or simply admiring the beauty of the city.
16. Get Cultured At Goltz Kinsky Palace (Palác Golz- Kinských) | National Gallery Prague
Kinský Palace was built between 1755 -1765 on the site of three houses with medieval foundations and as a result the the palace is also known as Golz-Kinský Palace (Palác Golz-Kinských). The palace’s name refers to its former ownership by the Kinský noble family in Prague Czech Republic.
This beautifully adorn Rococo Kinský Palace is the former residence of the Goltz family in the 18th century and now serves as the National Gallery in Prague and is located on Old Town Square in the Old Town area of Prague Czech Republic.
The palace complex consists of the main building facing the square, a left wing and a building on Týnská Street. The rear building on Týnská Street dates from 1838, and so do the Late Neoclassical modifications of the façades.
The palace complex is comprised of the main building facing the square, a left wing, a transverse wing, a building on Týnská Street, and lateral wings. The rear building on Týnská Street dates from 1838, and so do the Late Neoclassical modifications of the façades. Making the Kinský Palace one of the best places to visit in Prague Czech Republic.
17. Embrace The Façade of The House at the Minute
The building’s façade is decorated with sgraffito, depicting scenes from Greek mythological and biblical and is an example of Czech Renaissance townhouse architecture.
Old Town Hall – was established in 1338 as the seat of the Old Town administration and one of the top places to see in Prague. The oldest part of the complex consists of a beautiful Gothic tower with a bay chapel and a unique astronomical clock – known as the Orloj.
You can also do a guided tour of the Old Town Hall complex. Which includes the historical halls, the Gothic tower with a view (a great way to see Prague from above), the chapel and the underground areas.
18. Clementinum (Klementinum in Czech)
The grounds of the Klementinum, is one of the largest historic complexes in Europe, built from the 16th to the mid-18th century.
The complex included the UNESCO Memory of the world site the Czech National Library. One of my top recommendations is to visit the Baroque Library Hall, which is considered one of the most beautiful libraries in the world due to its beautifully painted ceiling (frescoes).
No photography is allowed in the Baroque Library Hall. You can also visit the Astronomical Tower at Klementinum; however, this can only be done via 45-minute guided tour. The tour also allows you access to the Meridian Hall, Baroque Library Hall and Vyšehrad Codex.
19. Wenceslas Square
Located in New Town, Wenceslas Square is one of the main city squares and the centre of the business and culture in Prague. The Wenceslas Square is one of the best places to see in Prague and has been the sight of many historical events including demonstrations, celebrations, and other public gatherings.
The Wenceslas Square is named after Saint Wenceslas, the patron saint of Bohemia. On first viewing Wenceslas Square, it resembles a boulevard more than a square.
20. Upside Down Horse
This is one of the coolest things to see in Prague, the Upside Down Horse. Hanging from the ceiling of the Art Nouveau Lucerna Palace in Prague, is a king Wenceslas rides triumphantly astride… an upside-down, apparently dead horse.
This is said to be a mocking tribute to the past leadership of Prague. The famous statue of St Wenceslas sculpture was created by Prague-born artist David Černý. This sculpture is a must if you like obscure art, of which you’ll find many around Prague Czech Republic.
21. Man Hanging Out
Looking for unusual things to do in Prague Old Town? Look out for the Man Hanging Out in the city center! Man Hanging Out – I had walked down this cobblestone street in Prague’s Old Town twice before looking up and seeing what looked at first like a suicide attempt.
Another sculpture from David Černý, the work known as “Zavěšený muž” (“Man Hanging Out”).There is obscure art dotted around Prague so keep your eyes peeled.
22. Prague Dancing House
If you’re visiting Prague you must visit Prague’s Dancing House! The Dancing House is also known as (Fred and Ginger) and was designed by Croatian-Czech architect Vlado Milunic, in cooperation with Canadian architect Frank Gehry and completed in 1996.
The building’s design is said to reflect a woman and man (Ginger Rogers and Fred Astair) dancing together. There is also a great little café on top of this building that gives you a magnificent view of the river and Prague castle in the distance. I would recommend visiting this café if only for the view of the city center.
23. Statue of Franz Kafka
Another top thing to do in Prague is see the Franz Kafka statue. The Franz Kafka statue is a neat installation to watch. You’ll see forty-two moving panels which forms the face of Franz Kafka.
The panels move periodically by 90 degrees in layers conforming and disfiguring Kafka’s face. The statue was created by David Cerny and is located in the Quadrio shopping centre. This is one of the more fun things you can do in Prague Czech Republic.
24. John Lennon Wall
Shortly after the death of John Lennon, this stone wall surrounding the Maltese Gardens was transformed into an impromptu memorial with a painting of the singer’s face on Lennon Wall. Lighted candles accompanied quotes from John’s songs about world peace and freedom.
Slogans criticising the totalitarian regime soon appeared. The John Lennon Wall now remains as a colourful display of messages and tags and is now a Prague attraction and one of the best things to see in Prague Czech Republic.
25. Vyšehrad Castle In Prague
Everyone knows Prague Castle but did you know that there is another lesser known castle in Prague Czech Republic? Introducing Vyšehrad Castle. You can visit the ancient fortress of Vyšehrad, perched on a hill overlooking the Vltava River.
Here, you can wander through the peaceful cemetery, visit St. Peter and St. Paul Basilica, and enjoy the panoramic views of the city center. Take your time exploring these magnificent, historical buildings and attractions during your stay in Prague, and don’t forget to pack your camera to capture the stunning architecture and unforgettable moments that await you.
26. Jewish Quarter
Discover the rich history and stunning architecture of the Jewish Quarter, also known as Josefov. This once-walled Jewish ghetto features several beautifully preserved synagogues, museums, and the haunting Old Jewish Cemetery. As you stroll through the narrow streets of the Jewish quarter, you’ll witness a poignant reminder of Prague’s Jewish history and the resilience of its community.
Visiting Prague, make sure you visit the Old-New Synagogue, the oldest active synagogue in Europe, and the Spanish Synagogue, featuring stunning Moorish Revival architecture and is one of the top Prague attractions.
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27. Spanish Synagogue
The Spanish Synagogue is the most recent synagogue in the Prague Jewish Town, built in 1868 on the site of the 12th-century Altschul, which was the oldest synagogue in the Prague ghetto.
Due its impressive Moorish interior design from 1882–83 by Antonín Baum and Bedřich Münzberger and influenced by the famous Alhambra it was named the Spanish Synagogue.
28. Visit the Old Jewish Cemetery
The Old Jewish Cemetery in Prague is one of the must-see places in Prague. Located in the Jewish quarter of the city center, is one of the largest of its kind in Europe and one of the oldest surviving Jewish burial grounds in the world.
It is also one of the most important Jewish historical monuments in Prague Czech Republic. The Jewish Cemetery was used as an active cemetery from the first half of the 15th century until 1786.
Adjacent to the Jewish Quarter, the Josefov neighbourhood is a must-visit in Prague Czech Republic. Here, you can find an array of stunning Gothic architecture and historic buildings, including the famous St. Nicholas Church and Jewish Museum in Prague. Josefov is also home to Prague’s vibrant nightlife, with numerous cafes, bars, and clubs waiting for you to enjoy.
Get a bird’s-eye view of the city from Hradčany, the Castle District of Prague. This historic area hosts the presidential palace, St. Vitus Cathedral, and the romantic palace gardens, boasting wonderful panoramas of the city below. Don’t miss out on the changing of the guards, a daily spectacle that attracts crowds.
Vinohardy is one of the best places to see in Prague for a more off-the-beaten-path experience, explore the elegant neighbourhood of Vinohrady. With its tree-lined streets, Art Nouveau architecture, and rich cultural scene, Vinohrady offers a more relaxed and authentic atmosphere.
The area is also perfect for foodies; there are countless restaurants, cafes, and bars where you can savour Czech cuisine and international dishes alike. Remember to take your time as you wander through these neighbourhoods and find your own favourite spots. Enjoy your journey, and let Prague’s unique streets and quarters reveal their beauty and history to you.
32. National Museum (Národní muzeum)
The National Museum is an excellent starting point, featuring collections on natural history, archaeology, and art. For modern art enthusiasts, the Museum Kampa (Kampa Modern Art Museum)houses a notable collection of Central European art, including works by František Kupka and Otto Gutfreund.
33. Alphonse Mucha
Prague is home to the Mucha Museum, dedicated to the life and work of Alphonse Mucha, a famous Czech Art Nouveau painter and decorative artist. Here, you can admire his iconic posters, paintings, and decorative panels, as well as learn about his life and influence on Czech culture.
34. Church of St. Nicholas
The Church St. Nicholas is the most famous baroque church in Prague and stands together with the former Jesuit professional house in the center of Malostranské náměstí.
This Gothic parish church has stood in its place until 1743 and was consecrated by bishop Tobiáš in 1283. St. Nicholas Church is located in the neighbourhood of St. Wenceslas and was built as a reminder of the miracle that occurred during the posthumous transport of Wenceslas’ body (patron saint) from Old Boleslav to Prague Castle. This church is one of the best tourist attractions in Prague Czech Republic.
35. Watch A Performance at the Prague National Theatre
The historical building of the National Theatre in Prague, was originally constructed in 1883. The building is known as the alma mater of Czech opera, and is considered the national monument of Czech history and art. Located on the banks of the River Vltava, Prague’s National Theatre is a must-visit for lovers of the arts, opera, ballet, and drama performances.
The National Theatre was open as a symbol of Czech national identity and as a flagship of the Czech culture.The complex housing the Prague’s National Theatre consist of four stages including – the National Theatre, the Estates Theatre, the State Opera, and the New Stage – with the oldest building of all four dating back to 1783.
Mozart premiered his opera in The Estates Theatre, which features high gallery seats and one of the best best attractions in Prague.
36. Visit A Beer Garden
A trip to Prague wouldn’t be complete without a visit to some of the best beer gardens to sip on fine Czech beers. The city has numerous options, including the famous Letna Beer Garden, which offers panoramic views of the city. Here, you can enjoy a refreshing Pilsner Urquell or Staropramen while taking in the scenery.
Other beer gardens to consider include Riegrovy Sady Beer Garden and Pivovarsky Klaster. If you are a beer lover I recommend doing a beer tour to your Prague to do list, to better learn about Czech beer and try various different Czech beers on the tour.
37. Things to do in Prague December – Christmas Market
If you’re visiting Prague during the festive season, you can’t miss their world-famous Christmas Market is amongst the top Prague attractions in winter. Usually held in the Old Town Square, it’s known for its magnificent decorations, including a giant illuminated Christmas tree and traditional Czech Baroque-style architecture surrounding the market area. Here are some highlights to look forward to:
- Taste traditional Czech holiday foods like roasted chestnuts, gingerbread, and mulled wine.
- Browse through a wide variety of artisan booths offering handmade gifts and unique keepsakes, perfect for friends and family back home.
- Enjoy seasonal performances and events, such as carolling and live Nativity scenes.
The Prague Christmas Market embodies the magical spirit of the holiday season, making it a must-see attraction during your winter visit to the city. Experience the best of Prague’s events and festivities to fully embrace the local culture and create lasting memories.
What to do in Prague at Night?
If you are anything like my brother who likes to see the city he is visiting after hours, researches the best bars and nightclub that the city has to offer. Then this is the section for you. Prague is not known for its nightlife, but there are a few beautiful places around the city center where you can live it up and enjoy Prague after hours. here are some of the best things to do in Prague at night:
Prague Pub Crawl – if you’re looking for something fun and into Bar or Pub crawl, then consider doing the Prague Pub crawl, which takes you to cool bars around the city.These are just a few ways you can enjoy Prague at night.
Double Trouble – If you’re looking for a wild night in Prague, then this is the place to visit. The quality of the club’s atmosphere did deteriorate as the night when on due to ‘stag parties and guys trying to outdo each other’, but if you arrive before these groups, you can have a wonderful time at this club.
AghaRTA Jazz Club – One of the most popular Jazz venue in Prague and just off Old Town Square. This small intimate venue with its quartet of jazz players and divine cocktails will have you bopping your head to the smooth jazz beats. A must if you like jazz.
Prague Travel Tips Things to Note
Don’t take it personally if you are not greeted warmly or do not want to make small talk.
This is not rudeness but directness something you might not be used to but is common in most European countries.
I would keep small talk to a minimum and to only what you need to say. English is not widely spoken in Prague, so knowing a few words of Czech will help you out.
These are the just a few of the top things you can do in Prague, whether your are spending a weekend or a few weekend in Prague.
Best Things to do in Prague Czech Republic
No matter your interests, Prague offers a wealth of activities and sights to explore. Guided tours, cruises on the Vltava River, Charles Bridge, a visit to the Infant Jesus of Prague and some of the best places to visit in Prague will make your journey truly unforgettable in this amazing city.
These were my favourite things to do in Prague. Have you visited Prague what’s your favourite things to do and see in Prague Czech Republic were?